Mid and Far Western Nepal

About Mid and Far Western Nepal

The Mid and Far Western Development Region is one of Nepal's five development regions. It is located at the western end of the country and had its headquarters in Birendranagar and Dipayal. The Mid and Far-Western Region covered 42,378 km2 and 19,539 km2. It has 24 districts with the regional headquarters at Birendranagar and Dipayal District.
The Mid-Western Development Region was one of the largest and formerly one of Nepal's five development regions. Westward from the Central region surrounding Kathmandu were the Western, Mid-Western and finally Far-Western regions. It comprised three zones Karnali, Bheri and Rapti with 15 districts in this region. The main river's of this region are Mahakali, Karnali, Bheri, West Rapti River and Babai. Mt. Kanjiroba, Mt. Sisne and Mt. Patarasi were the main mountains of the Mid-Western Development Region. Banke National Park, Bardiya National Park, Shey Phoksundo National Park, and Rara National Parks were some of the conservation areas of Mid-Western Development Region which were helping to attract more number of tourists. It occupied 29.2% of the total land of Nepal. It occupied an area of 42,378 km2. Bhutias, Brahmin, Chhetri, Magar, Tharu, Awadhi and Thakuri are the main ethnicities. They are involved in different occupations like farming, animal husbandry, tourism, and service. Ghorahi, Nepalgunj, Birendranagar are the major trade centers of the Mid-Western Development Region. There are various types of industries such as steel manufacturing and garment industry. Different types of cultural sites such as Swargadwari lied in this development region. Peoples of this development region celebrated numbers of festivals like Dashain, Tihar, Lhosar, etc. They grew different types of food such as rice, maize, pulse, wheat, and paddy. Banke and Bardiya National Park, Dhorpatan Hunting Reserve, Rara National Park, Rara Lake, Swargadwari and other sacred places are in this development region. In addition, the Gorkh, Kanti and Mukti Himal were also located in this region.
Far West Nepal is home to very colorful and vivid cultures. Visitors can get in contact and experience the unique Tharu culture in the Terai, Hindu culture in the Mid Mountains and Tibetan culture in the northern part of the Far Western Region. People of the Far West live under diverse environmental conditions, from the low plains nearly at sea level along the border of India, northward through the middle hills and up to the flanks of the great Himalayan range, where there are settlements at an altitude of up to 4,800 m.In recent years, most of the different cultures have become intertwined, because of population shifts and migration. People have adjusted their beliefs and cultures according to the place where they are living. So, people from the mountains migrated to the Terai and brought their traditions and festivals with them. As a result, they were adopted by the Tharu communities. Tharu traditions are still an important part of the Terai culture.
BANKE NATIONAL PARK
Banke National Park(BNP) is the newest protected area of Nepal established in 12th July 2010. BNP extends over 550 square kilometers in Banke district and its buffer zone, 343 square kilometers, encompasses parts of Banke, Dang, and Salyan districts. The Park is adjoining to Kamdi corridor that joins Suhelwa Wildlife Sanctuary in India through national and community forests towards the south. It is connected with Bardia National Park(BNP) towards the west which further links with Katerniaghat Wildlife Sanctuary in India via the Khata corridor, national forest, and community forests. BNP is an important component of Terai Arc Landscape(TAL) which provides additional habitat for tigers. In fact, the establishment of this park for the conservation of wild tigers, an endangered wildlife species, reflects the commitment of the Government of Nepal towards biodiversity conservation at a landscape level.
BARDIA NATIONAL PARK
Bardiya National Park is a protected area in Nepal that was established in 1988 as Royal Bardia National Park. Covering an area of 968 km2 (374 sq mi) it is the largest and most undisturbed wilderness area in Nepal's Terai, adjoining the eastern bank of the Karnali River in the Bardiya District. The northern limits of the protected area are demarcated by the crest of the Siwalik Hills. The Nepalgunj-Surkhet highway partly forms the southern boundary, but seriously disrupts the protected area. Natural boundaries to human settlements are formed in the west by the Geruwa, a branch of the Karnali River, and in the southeast by the Babai River. Together with the neighboring Banke National Park, the coherent protected area of 1,437 km2 (555 sq mi) represents the Tiger Conservation Unit (TCU) Bardia-Banke that extends over 2,231 km2 (861 sq mi) of alluvial grasslands and subtropical moist deciduous forests.
RARA NATIONAL PARK
Sojourn to the Rara region through thick pine and juniper forests and camp next to the sparkling Rara Lake at 2,990 m, walled by green hills on all sides. Boat in the clear waters, hike to nearby hills for nearer views of the mountains and lake, meet the charming local people, or just take a walk around the lake watching out for a wildflower or a rare bird on the way. The park is surrounded by alpine coniferous vegetation and offers a representative sample of the region's flora and fauna. More than 500 different kinds of flowers, 20 different species of mammals and 214 species of birds can be observed at Rara National Park. As for water life in the lake, the snow trout is the fish variety recorded so far. The rich vegetation of the park is home to the endangered red panda, musk deer, Himalayan black bear, leopard, jackal, Himalayan tahr, yellow-throated marten, wild dog, wild boar, common langur, rhesus macaque, and common otter. During winter the park abounds in bird varieties like coots, great-crested grebe, black-necked grebe, red-crested pochard, mallard, common teal, merganser, and gulls. Migrant waterfowls and gallinaceous birds can also be seen during certain seasons. Rara in the far northwestern part of Nepal is the smallest national park, while the Rara Lake is the biggest lake in the country. The lake is 167 m deep at some places and drains into the rivers Mugu Karnali via Nijar Khola. Chuchemara Hill at 4,087 m is the best vantage point to get the magnificent views of the deep blue clear lake and the forested hillsides, as well as the snow, capped peaks around it. 
The easiest means to reach Rara is to take a flight from Nepalgunj to Jumla, from where your destination is 2-3 days walk away. You could also start this refreshing trek in the hilly village of Jumla where apple orchards stretch out over the hills. The trek leads through the remote countryside toward the Tibetan border.  A journey into the Jumla region and the beautiful Rara Lake is probably one of the most rewarding and fascinating treks in all the Himalayan range given its un-spoilt splendor of nature. The best time to visit the park in autumn, spring, and summer. As a well-loved tourist region, tourist services and infrastructure have developed over the years. However, for the best experience, it is still most advisable to be self-sufficient if traveling alone. Lake Rara is also a popular pilgrimage site for Nepalis.
DHORPATAN HUNTING RESERVE
Dhorpatan Hunting Reserve is the only hunting reserve in Nepal. Established in 1987 it covers an area of 1,325 km2 (512 sq mi) in the Dhaulagiri Himal of western Nepal in the Rukum, Myagdi, and Baglung districts. In altitude it ranges from 2,850 to 5,500 m (9,350 to 18,040 ft). The landscape consists of forests, marshland (called ḍhor), and flat meadows (called patan)The higher elevations remain snow-covered throughout the year. 58 vascular plants have been recorded in the reserve. Flowering plants include 36 endemic species. 18 mammal species include snow leopard, musk deer, red panda, and blue sheep. 137 bird species include koklass pheasant, cheer pheasant, and impeyan pheasant; and two reptile species also occur.
KHAPTAD NATIONAL PARK
Khaptad National Park lies in the heart of Far West Nepal. It covers an area of 225 km2. Khaptad National Park offers a wonderful variety of landscapes, from lush forests and green hills to streams and moorland. It is mainly characterized by a plateau of hilly grasslands, the so-called patans, at an altitude of about 3000m. Here, climbing up through the hilly regions, you can feel the chilly winds from the Himalayas. In the morning, the haze mysteriously rises from the plateau’s meadows and treetops, revealing an even more majestic beauty! 
The area’s biodiversity of flora and fauna has increased even more since it became a National Park in 1984. It is the habitat of musk deer, wild boar, porcupines, and birds like the Chyakhura, the Kalij, the Titra, and the Danphe. Diverse vegetation of forests and herb-filled meadows give this place its special, calming atmosphere.
SUKLAPHANTA NATIONAL PARK
The Suklaphanta National Park is named after the dazzling open grassland, which is called ‘Phanta’ in Nepali. The National Park has the largest grassland in the Far Western Terai. It is also home to Nepal’s – maybe even Asia’s – largest population of swamp deer (currently numbering around 2,000). Many more species can be found in the National Park, such as tigers, rhinos, crocodiles, wild elephants, and migratory birds. The park used to be a popular hunting place for the Nepalese royalty before it became a protected area. Even today, it has not yet been explored entirely. This is why researches and zoologists visit the park just as often as tourists. About 2 kilometers from the National Park, another attraction of the region awaits the Dodhara Chandani Suspension Bridge. The suspension bridge has a span of 1460 m and is the longest bridge of its kind in Asia. It connects the two villages Dodhara and Chandani, separated by the Mahakali River.
API NAMPA CONSERVATION AREA
Api Nampa is Nepal’s youngest conservation area and maybe also the best preserved. Due to the few numbers of tourists that have reached this area of Nepal, you can experience untouched nature and authentic Nepali traditions. The conservation area is named after Mount Nampa (6757 m) and Mount API (7132 m), Far West highest mountain. Between these peaks, a central plateau of grassland is located. The grassland has a mixed variety of oaks, pine forests and temperate deciduous forests. The diverse climatic conditions and altitudinal variation of the area have provided habitats for many rare and threatened wildlife species, including the snow leopard and the musk deer. Also, the local communities have kept their traditional way of life. They mainly live from agriculture, a collection of medicinal and aromatic plants as well as artisan productions. The community of the Byash, for example, still practices a nomadic lifestyle. They move between the high altitude grasslands in the summer months and to the lower valleys, close to Darchula town, in the wintertime.
Banke and Bardia National Park Entry Fee: US$ 7(SAARC) US$ 15(Other)
Rara National Park Entry Fee: US$ 15(SAARC) US$ 30(Other)
Dhorpatan Hunting Reserve Entry Fee: US$ 15(SAARC) US$ 30(Other)
Khaptad National Park Entry Fee: US$ 5(SAARC) US$ 15(Other)

Shuklaphanta Wildlife Reserve Entry Fee: US$ 7(SAARC) US$ 15(Other)
API Nampa Conservation Area(ANCA): US$ 5(SAARC) and US$ 20(Other)
TIMS Card: US$ 11


Available Packages

11 Days Far Western Nepal Tour

11 Days Far Western Nepal Tour is specially designed for observing western Nepal culture, the importance of ethnic caste group settlement and adventure activities.  Aroun...

  • Schedule

    From: 13th Dec, 2019
    To: 13th Dec, 2019
  • Destination:

    Mid and Far Western Nepal
  • Group Size:

    Minimum 2 pax
  • Best season

    All Season
  • Trip Status

    Easy
  • Starts from

    $1714

Api Nampa Base Camp Trek

Api Nampa Base Camp Trek is a significant remote and immaculate trekking territory in western Nepal. Till now, just a couple of vacationers have visited the locale. The gen...

  • Schedule

    From: 13th Dec, 2019
    To: 13th Dec, 2019
  • Destination:

    Mid and Far Western Nepal
  • Group Size:

    Minimum 2 pax
  • Best season

    March-April-May and September-October-November
  • Trip Status

    Moderate
  • Starts from

    $1659

Far Western Heritage Trek

For those with a feeling of experience, there is still a lot to investigate in the Far-west of Nepal, a locale that is as much social as it is regular. This remote area, still...

  • Schedule

    From: 13th Dec, 2019
    To: 13th Dec, 2019
  • Destination:

    Mid and Far Western Nepal
  • Group Size:

    Minimum 2 pax
  • Best season

    March-April-May and September-October-November
  • Trip Status

    Moderate
  • Starts from

    $5065

Jumla to Simikot via Rara Lake Camping Trek

Rara Lake trek is a standout amongst the most prevalent trekking goals in Nepal. It lies in the remote Karnali locale, northwest of Kathmandu. It is Nepal's littlest and mos...

  • Schedule

    From: 13th Dec, 2019
    To: 13th Dec, 2019
  • Destination:

    Mid and Far Western Nepal
  • Group Size:

    Minimum 2 pax
  • Best season

    March-April-May and September-October-November
  • Trip Status

    Moderate
  • Starts from

    $1776

Khaptad National Park Trek

Khaptad National Park Trek is honored with incredible beautiful magnificence, various environment, verdure, and fauna. As the part is between 1,400 meters and 3,300 meters...

  • Schedule

    From: 13th Dec, 2019
    To: 13th Dec, 2019
  • Destination:

    Mid and Far Western Nepal
  • Group Size:

    Minimum 2 pax
  • Best season

    March-April-May and September-October-November
  • Trip Status

    Moderate
  • Starts from

    $1324

Rara Lake Trek

Rara National Park (RNP) is located in the North-Western high mountains of Nepal. The park was established in 1976 with the objectives of conserving biodiversity and maintains...

  • Schedule

    From: 13th Dec, 2019
    To: 13th Dec, 2019
  • Destination:

    Mid and Far Western Nepal
  • Group Size:

    Minimum 2 pax
  • Best season

    March-April-May and September-October-November
  • Trip Status

    Moderate
  • Starts from

    $3029

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